Automation hardware refers to the physical components and equipment that are used to automate various processes in industries, homes, and other settings. Automation hardware can include control systems, sensors, actuators, and other components that are used to control and monitor various processes.
Control systems are the central components of automation hardware and are responsible for managing and controlling all other components. These systems can include programmable logic controllers (PLCs), distributed control systems (DCSs), and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems.
Sensors are used to monitor and measure various parameters such as temperature, pressure, and motion. These sensors feed data back to the control system, which then makes decisions based on that data. Actuators, on the other hand, are devices that are used to carry out actions based on the commands from the control system. Examples of actuators include motors, valves, and relays.
Automation hardware also includes input/output (I/O) systems that are used to connect various sensors and actuators to the control system. These systems allow the control system to receive inputs from sensors and send commands to actuators.